Cas No: 50-70-4
EINESC No: 200-061-5
Molecular weight: 182,17 g/mol
Chemical Formula: C6H14O6
General Properties: White crystalline powder
Intensity: 1,49 g/cm3
Boiling point: –
Melting point: 95 °C
Flash point: > 100 °C
Vapor pressure: –
Refraction index: –
Solubility (aqueous) 2,350 g / mL
Sorbitol, or also known as glucitol, is a sweet sugar alcohol that slowly metabolises in human body. It is usually acquired from potatoe starch and it can be found in many different fruit types in nature.
Sorbitol is a commonly used food additive. It is a good volume adjuvant and it contains less calories than sugar.
Sorbitol is industrially acquired from hydrogeneration of glucose under high pressure and temperature and in presence of a nickel or ruthenium catalyst.
Biologically, it is synthesized by reduction of glucose with NADH, catalyzed by aldose reductase.
Sorbitol is commonly used in food and medicine industry. It is used as a subsitude for sugar and it gives 60% more sweetness and it contains identical carbonhydrate amount but its glycemic index is lower. Therefore, it is preferred in certain dieting products.
If it is consumed orally ,and in high purity, it demonstrates laxative effect by drawing water to large bowels.
Sorbitol is used as hemuctant and intensifier in cosmetic products. Thanks to its hemuctant properties, it retards staling in food products.
Sorbitol is also used in detergents and automobile maintainance products.
Safety Measures and Toxic Values
Sorbitol is not toxic to humans unless it is consumed in high amounts. It is a macro molecule therefore, when orally consumed in high amounts, it moves from small bowel to large bowel due to high absorbition amounts. If consumed in high amounts, it may lead to dangerous diarrhea. Many diseases lower sorbitol resistance and these cases may lead to serious health problems.