Cas No: 77-99-6
EINESC No: 201-074-9
Molecular weight: 134,17 g/mol
Chemical Formula: C6H14O3
General Properties: White solid
Odor: low, characteristic
Intensity: 1.084 g/cm3
Boiling point: 289 °C
Melting point: 58°C
Flash point: 172 °C
Solubility (aqueous) 2,350 g / mL
Tri methyl propane, or TMP, is a white triol which has a very light odor. It demonstrates hygroscoptic properties. It possesses to hydroxy functional groups and it is commonly used in plastic industry.
Tri methyl propane is industrially produced by a 2 staged reaction. First stage is condensation of butanol and formaldehyde. Second stage is Cannizaro reacton.
Every year, 200.000.000 kg of TMP is produced worldwide.
Trimethyl propane’s main production purpose is alkid resin production. It is raw material for alkid resins. It is also used in epoxy and polyurethane productions.
Aside from these, it is used in dyestuff, certain pigments and silicone productions. It is also preferred in certain lacton plasiciser, textile chemical and surface active substance productions
Safety Measures and Toxic Values
Trimethyl Propane is extremely flammable. Therefore, it must be kept away from fire sources at all times.
TMP is not toxic for humans except for high amounts. Constant exposure may lead to damages in certain internal organs. It is estimated that it negatively effects fertility.